Alcohol and drug addiction takes a toll on our relationships—especially on our families. When a loved one goes to treatment, begins reclaiming their life from addiction, their relationships with other people require rebuilding, too.
Healing relationships in recovery takes a concerted effort on everyone’s part. Addiction can fuel many fear-based behavior patterns and other dysfunctional interactions in families, including the need to control others, perfectionism, hanging onto resentments or behaving like a martyr. A first step is for everyone—the recovering addict or alcoholic, family members and loved ones—to focus on establishing and maintaining healthy boundaries.
What Is a Boundary?
Personal boundaries are physical and/or emotional limits that people set for themselves in order to safeguard their well-being.
- Healthy boundaries help people define who they are as a way to ensure relationships are safe, supportive and respectful.
- Unhealthy boundaries are thoughts or behaviors used to manipulate or control relationships in order to keep people away.
Spanning a continuum that runs from “too intrusive” at one end to “too distant” at the other end, Rokelle Lerner, a popular speaker and trainer on family dynamics, codependency and addiction recovery, captures the meaning of boundaries in this simple statement: “What I value I will protect, but what you value I will respect.”
Why Is It Important to Have Personal Boundaries?
Our boundaries are based on our personal values and needs, giving us the space to express who we are as individuals and what’s most important to us. They also provide personal guidelines for communicating to others how we operate and what behaviors are acceptable and unacceptable to us.
Can Boundaries Work in a Codependent Relationship?
Yes, it is possible to set and maintain personal boundaries in a codependent relationship, but it takes practice. Here’s why: Our values and needs become blurred and enmeshed in codependency; we don’t know where we end and the other person begins.
In codependency, we focus on how someone else can meet our needs rather than focusing on how to take care of ourselves. It’s important to understand that being “self-focused” is not about being selfish. It’s about self-care. When we practice self-care, whether that is getting enough sleep, good nourishment, exercise, connection with others and spiritual growth, we are more resilient. We can think more rationally and respond to situations thoughtfully. Then we are less resentful. We are empowered to be more present in our relationships with others, because we are more present in the relationship with ourselves.
Especially with codependent relationships, it’s important to remember that when we set personal boundaries, we are only making rules for ourselves—which gives others the power to decide how they want to interact with us. Our loved ones are free to set their own boundaries, which provides opportunities to negotiate relationship parameters based on one another’s values and needs.
What Is the Role of Boundaries in Toxic Relationships?
Toxic relationships involve behaviors that cause emotional and/or physical harm to one another. These toxic relationships can contain intense shame, dishonesty, abuse and manipulation. There is a disregard for one another’s values and needs, and boundary violations are rampant in such toxic situations.
Any kind of relationship can become toxic, and they can continue into recovery. It is critical to closely monitor and evaluate any “toxic” relationship in order to ensure your safety and ongoing wellness.
What Are Some Examples of Setting Healthy Boundaries in Addiction Recovery?
There are clear-cut situations where boundaries are needed immediately, such as abusive situations or when violence is present. There are other situations where you may not realize the need to set limits because the violations might be subtle. For example, we might justify someone’s inappropriate behavior, blame ourselves for things that are not our fault, feel shame, or doubt our decision making abilities.
How we feel in any interaction is our best indicator for knowing when to set a clear boundary. Here are some examples of questions you might ask yourself to gauge your feelings:
- Is your stomach in a knot? Maybe you know that this situation isn’t good for you.
- Are you feeling angry or resentful? Perhaps too much is being asked of you and you need to say no in a kind way.
- Are you feeling confused? Maybe you are feeling manipulated. Perhaps taking some time to figure out whether you want to be involved would be prudent.
Each Situation is Different
For instance, as a landlord I may decide I am not willing to allow pets or smoking in my rentals. However, if a pet is a therapy dog, I will rent to its owner because it is necessary for the renter to function well.
In personal relationships, our values guide our boundaries. Here are some examples of setting boundaries in recovery from alcohol or drug addiction:
- If my loved one, addicted or not, asks me to lie for her, I need to think about how I feel when I lie. Because my value system says it is not good for me to lie, I will refuse that request.
- Perhaps I have a loved one in recovery, I will think about whether my use of alcohol or my relationship with him is most important to me, and act accordingly.
- Being an alcoholic, I will consider what is more important: My sobriety or attending a family function where everyone will be drinking. If I decide to attend, I will plan, in detail, how to protect my sobriety. I may just go for a short time. I will have a plan for how to leave and what to do in order to prevent relapse.
What’s the First Step for Setting Boundaries?
Begin by asking yourself: “What is my motive for setting this boundary?”
This can be a difficult question if your loved one has drug or alcohol addiction. The needs of someone in active addiction often overshadow those of their partner. Due to this you may not be as “in touch” with your own feelings, needs and well-being. Likewise, if you are in recovery from addiction, it’s important to recognize your motives for establishing clear boundaries. This way you can readily identify any early warning signs of thoughts or behaviors that could lead to relapse.
If you have learned to practice self-focus and you are confident your motive is about self-care, then you are ready to set healthy boundaries.
What’s the Best Way to Communicate Boundaries?
Al-Anon says it best: “Say what you mean, mean what you say, just don’t say it mean.”
In other words, manners matter when communicating your boundaries with others. We think better of ourselves when we are direct, honest and respectful. And when we aren’t confrontational, others are more likely to listen.
Talking about our feelings and sharing our personal needs can put us in a vulnerable state. In order to remove the fear of judgement and assumptions, use “I” statements. Stick to the facts, and keep the conversation about your own experience. An example might be, “I feel lonely when I am by myself on my birthday.” Follow this with “I would really like to spend my next birthday with you” or “maybe I will arrange a get together next year.”
“I” statements are less likely to provoke a defensive response. However, remember the purpose of setting boundaries is to let someone know you are not okay with their behavior. If you are setting a healthy boundary you will be better able to acknowledge, not fix, the reaction. How we feel in any interaction is our best indicator for knowing when to set
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If you or a loved one are struggling with alcoholism and/or addiction contact Sagebrush today for a free confidential assessment, 888-977-0573